Category Archives: Linux OS

List of good Curl commands

I use CURL for debugging my REST endpoints every now and then if I don’t want to use Postman or DHC clients. I usually like to copy paste results / statistics from command line into emails to my colleagues. This gives them a plain jane command which they can use to test themselves as well as compare their results with mine. The following article has some good pointers on how to use CURL and some very practical examples have been provided.

15 Practical Linux cURL Command Examples (cURL Download Examples)

Displaying memory statistics along with hostname and war files

I recently got into a situation where I had to debug around 10 servers all of which were suffering from memory issues. My java applications were slowing down after a day or so. Although its is difficult to diagnose this kind of issues which span across multiple VMs (welcome to Micro Services!) but with some little bit of scripting it is possible to see in real time the actual numbers if you manage to use tmux to multiplex multiple shell sessions stacked together. I hacked up the following command to display hostname, running war files as well as the memory statistics refreshed every 1 second on screen.

watch -d -n 1 "hostname | tr '\r\n' ' ' && printf \" \" && jps -l | grep .war | tr '\r\n' ' ' && echo "" && free -h"

Linux Disk Usage

I found a good link which lists good usages of the Linux command “du”.

This command allows me to see the usage in a ascending sort which is really helpful.

Tested on Linux.
du -h / | sort -h

Tested on Mac OS.
du -hs * | gsort -h

In case you don’t have gsort install coreutils.
brew install coreutils

This variation allows me to see any line which has the text “G” in it which basically allows me to see folders using space in GBs. Agreed it might give some folder names as well with “G” in it but I can bear with it.

Tested on Linux.
du -h /the/path | sort -h | grep "G"

Tested on Mac OS.
du -h /the/path | gsort -h | grep "G" 

User input in shell script

I needed to write a small shell script which would allow me to make some decision based on user choices. I needed the user to specify Yes, No or Cancel for an operation. The following piece of hack does the job well.

#! /bin/bash

# define constants
declare -r TRUE=0
declare -r FALSE=1

user_choice() {
local str="$@"
while true
do
# Prompt user, and read command line argument
read -p "$str " answer

# Handle the input we were given
case $answer in
[yY]* ) return $TRUE;;

[nN]* ) return $FALSE;;

[cC]* ) exit;;

* ) echo "Y - Yes, N - No, C - Cancel. Please choose valid option.";;
esac
done
}

if user_choice "Execute Job 1? "; then
echo "Executing Job 1.."
fi
if user_choice "Execute Job 2? "; then
echo "Executing Job 2.."
fi

The following links were referred to achieve this little script:
http://linuxcommand.org/wss0090.php
https://bash.cyberciti.biz/guide/Returning_from_a_function
http://alvinalexander.com/linux-unix/shell-script-how-prompt-read-user-input-bash